A Change of Guard

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Friday, 14 October 2011

History of Battambang

Statues of Ta Dambong Kranhoung, the founder of Battambang. The top one was constructed before 1975 but has now been destroyed. The bottom one is a new version constructed in the 1990s.

Shared by S K MONOHA of Cambodia, France

During the pre-Angkor and Angkor eras, the areas to the north and to the north west of the Tonle Sap Lake were known as the territories of Amogha Boreak and Bhima Boreak. During the Angkor period, the territory of Amogha Boreak was significantly prosperous because the land was so fertile that rice crops, fruit and vegetables produced excellent yields. Many Khmer people settled there as indicated by the existence of so many ancient temples in the area. With the exception of the temples of Wat Banon, Ek Phnom, Baseth, Stung, Banteay Tey, Banteay Chmar, etc,other monuments, which were built by dignitaries and subjects at the time as places of worship to God and other deities of Buddhism and Hinduism, almost completely disappeared.

Between the 15th century and the 18th century the area was invaded by the Siamese army, forcing landowners off their land and splitting up their families.

From the late 18th century until early in the 20th century, the Siamese ruled Battambang and placed it under the rule of the Lord Chaofa Ben family, which was later known as the Aphaiwong Family. This lasted for 6 generations and ended in 1907. While under Thai rule, the province was a changwat of Thailand called Phra Tabong (a sacred stick).

Battambang ferry

The French Siamese Treaty of March 23, 1907, obliged the Siamese to return territories that they had occupied for more than a century. These included Battambang, Siem Reap and Angkor, in exchange for Trat province and the area of Dach Se (Lao territory) in the upper catchment area of the Mekong River. On December 6 1907, His Majesty Preah Bat Sisowath issued a royal declaration splitting Battambang into 3 provinces: Battambang, Siem Reap and Serei Sophorn. In 1925, Battambang was divided again into two provinces: Battambang and Siem Reap, with Battambang having two districts: Battambang and Serei Sophorn. By 1940, Battambang consisted of 7 districts: Battambang, Sangke, Maung Russey, Monkol Borei, Toeuk Cho, Serei Sophorn, and Bei Thbaung.

In May 1953, the Poi Pet administration was founded and ordered under the district of Serei Sophorn which was divided into two districts: Serei Sophorn and Banteay Chmar. In March 1965, the administration of Poi Pet, was elevated to the status of a district named O Chrov. In July 1965, part of the territory of Maung Russey was separated to become the administration of Kors Kralor. In March 1966, another new district Thmar Pouk was founded and the district of Banteay Chmar was cut off from the province of Battambang for incorporation into Oddor Meanchey province, another newly founded province. In the early years of the Khmer Rouge, two new districts were established: Banan and Kors Lor. During the 3 years and 9 months of the Killing Fields, Battambang saw its people evacuated by Pol Pot's men from the city and towns and relocated to remote and mountainous areas. The province of Battambang, once known as the rice bowl of the country, was turned into a site of torture, killings, and starvation.

The province of Battambang was completely liberated from the genocidal regime on January 13, 1979. At that time, the People’s Committee of commune-Sangkat was founded through the first-ever elections in 1983. Between 1979 and 1986, Battambang had 9 districts and one provincial town.

In 1986, three new districts were created: Banan, Bovel, and Ek Phnom. Until that point, Battambang had 12 districts and 1 provincial town. In 1988, however 5 districts were separated and incorporated into the newly founded province of Banteay Meanchey.

In 1998, following the integration of the remaining territory of the former Democratic Kampuchea, the province of Battambang saw part of its territory separated for the municipality of Pailin, while 4 new districts were established: Samlot, Kamreang, Phnom Proeuk and Sampov Loun. In 2000, part of the district of Maung Russey was split off to become the district of Koas Krolor.


Anonymous said...

Battambang belonged to Thailand...


Anonymous said...

The world belongs to , shemale infested nation, thailand.

koy siam.

Anonymous said...

Dear Sir
Statue of old Artist Ta Dambong Kranhoung in Kheth Batt Dam Bang, the founder of Battambang.

Battambang is belonging to Khmer Empire. Almost the whole of Thailand belongs to Cambodia. You better to find out when thailanland was born in the world mape.I do not hate or dislike Thai people. It is the fact of history.
You can see your own eyes Khmer sorin, boreiy ram ,Sesaket, ....more

The truth will tell unless you are blind and deaf

Let live in peace and friendly. Stop acting bad dream as always the thief


Anonymous said...

Thanks lok S K MONOHA ,for your very interesting article post on here.
Battambang is belong to Old Khmer Empire ,and this world they said: Indian Art, Chinese Art, Egypt Art,Grec Art ,Khmer Art etc.. but never said Siam or thai Art,or Vietnamise Art .
In thailand they are a lot Khmer Temple .
Khmer Love Khmer.Battambang,cambodia

Anonymous said...

yes, it a great article on khmer history, I love read all article of Mr S K MONOHA of Cambodia since a long time, he was absent of Khmerization since a long time too, most welcome back Mr S K MONOHA of Cambodia.
Just some thing more to add: Thailand was a Khmer Empire Land,

Neak srolang cheat Khmer.

Anonymous said...

Orkun nas Lok bong S K MONOHA for your very nice and meaningful article on History of Battambang,love to read your all article,right where are you since a long time,never seen your article on Khmerization.
With respected salutation from
Khmer neak American .

Anonymous said...

Merci beaucoup pour votre article Monsieur Lok Bong S K MONOHA ,je suis ausssi né à Battambang,je ne connais pas son histoire,grâce à vous,maintenant je suis trés heureux de savoir.
Merci aussi à Khmerization et son équipe d'avoir publié l'article de Lok Bong S K MONOHA dans votre site.

Keo Bun TAN
Born at battambang.


Anonymous said...

Bang Kok belonged to Cambodia!!

Anonymous said...

Khmens never understood....

chhawat Yupin,

Anonymous said...

Thanks dear Sir S K MONOHA for kind and meaningfull article on History of Battambang, and to reply back to Mr Youchhawat Yupinr :
Siam was Khmer Land,you thai come from China-Mongoly since a long time as a servant of Khmer Empire King, You copy Khmer language,alphabet,number ,you never have any old civilisation like Khmer. So please open your rober eyes,one day Khmer will take back his Land,that time you thai will be a khmer servant for life.

Moha Nokor Khmer
A young khmer student
Paris, france

Anonymous said...

First of all thanks to S K MONOHA for his article on Battambang's history, second thing thank to khmerization website.
And in the end : Thai rob khmer 's land since a long time,kill khmer refugees in the time of Khmer ROuge regime,and still take poor khmer people go to work and pay nothing ,do hard work.kill some khmer who are against this new slave sysptems.

Chan Bun thang

work at thailand for 3 years.

Anonymous said...

Siem dogs will never understand. Once a thief, always a thief.

Anonymous said...

chhawat Yupin is a blind man no brain, thai is always a thief from born.
I am very happy to learn Battambang's history from Lok Pou SK MONOHA ,thanks also Khmerization for post this message to all young generation learn about khmer history.

Ung Bun San , Italia