Tuesday, 10 December 2013
Sam Rainsy returns to lead protests សម រង្ស៊ី : " យើងធ្វើបាតុកម្មដោយសន្តិវិធី ហើយទាំងសងខាង (កងកំលាំងប្រដាប់អាវុធ និងបាតុករ) ត្រូវចៀសវាងដាច់ខាត នូវអំពើហិង្សា..."។
Opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party leader, Sam Rainsy, returned to Cambodia Monday, after campaigning in Europe to seek foreign intervention to Cambodia's election disputes.
PHNOM PENH (The Cambodia Herald) -- Opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party leader, Sam Rainsy, returned to Cambodia Monday, after campaigning in Europe to seek foreign intervention to Cambodia's election disputes.
"I arrived in Cambodia at 9:10 am this morning," he posted on his Facebook page.
Rainsy returned home just a day before his party plans to gather supporters to mark International Human Rights Day on December 10.
The Cambodia National Rescue Party plans to gather at least 15,000 supporters tomorrow at Freedom Park, and parade along the streets of Phnom Penh.
Both opposition leaders, Sam Rainsy and Kem Sokha, will also lead a rally in Siem Reap province later on that day.
On Sunday, the Ministry of Interior had granted permission to the opposition party to gather no more than 10,000 participants at Freedom Park, and denied their request to march along the streets of Phnom Penh.
In a letter issued Sunday by Sar Kheng, Interior Minister, he had asked the opposition party to let 10 of their representatives present petitions to the National Assembly after their rally.
"We can not ban citizens from participating because it’s within their rights," Sam Rainsy told reporters at Phnom Penh International Airport.
"I myself don’t know how many people will participate in the rally, so we have to respect their rights," he said.
Anonymous people have distributed pamphlets calling for the toppling of Mr. Hun Sen from powers ជនអនាមិកបាចត្រាក់ឲ្យទម្លាក់លោក ហ៊ុន សែន ពីអំណាច
ចលនាប្រឆាំងរដ្ឋាភិបាលមួយឈ្មោះ "រណសិរ្សរំដោះជាតិខ្មែរ" បានចាប់ផ្ដើមធ្វើសកម្មភាពនៅឯខេត្តព្រះវិហារ ដែលជាខេត្តដាច់ស្រយាលរបស់កម្ពុជា ក្នុងរយៈពេល ២ថ្ងៃមកនេះ។ សកម្មភាពនោះ បានញុះញង់ឱ្យប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែររើសអើងទៅលើប្រទេសវៀតណាម ព្រមទាំងបំផុសឱ្យធ្វើការផ្លាស់ប្ដូរចេញពីរបបនយោបាយដែលដឹកនាំដោយគណបក្សប្រជាជនកម្ពុជា បច្ចុប្បន្នផង។
ដោយ ហង្ស សាវយុត 2013-12-09
មានខិត្តប័ណ្ណប្រឆាំងរដ្ឋាភិបាលជាច្រើនសន្លឹកត្រូវជនមិនស្គាល់មុខបាចនៅតាមដងផ្លូវសាធារណៈជាច្រើនកន្លែងក្នុងទីរួមខេត្តព្រះវិហារ កាលពីរាត្រីថ្ងៃទី៨ ខែធ្នូ កន្លងទៅ។
សមត្ថកិច្ចរបស់រដ្ឋាភិបាលនៅខេត្តព្រះវិហារ បានទទួលស្គាល់ថា ពិតជាមានការបាចខិត្តប័ណ្ណប្រឆាំងរដ្ឋាភិបាលពិតមែន ក៏ប៉ុន្តែពុំមានអ្នកណាម្នាក់ចង់អធិប្បាយអំពីរឿងនោះទេ។
ស្នងការនគរបាលខេត្តព្រះវិហារ គឺលោក ស៊ី គីរី។ លោកបានមានប្រសាសន៍កាលពីព្រឹកថ្ងៃច័ន្ទ ទី៩ ខែធ្នូ ថា ពិតជាមានជនមិនស្គាល់មុខបានធ្វើសកម្មភាពបាចខិត្តប័ណ្ណប្រឆាំងរដ្ឋាភិបាលនៅក្នុងទីរួមខេត្តព្រះវិហារមែន ក៏ប៉ុន្តែលោកមិនបានបញ្ជាក់ឱ្យដឹងអំពីខិត្តប័ណ្ណនោះមានចំនួនប៉ុន្មានសន្លឹក ហើយតើប៉ូលិសនឹងចាត់វិធានការយ៉ាងណានោះទេ៖ «អូ!ខ្ញុំមិនទាន់បានពិនិត្យមើលទេ ព្រោះខ្ញុំទើបតែចុះពីយន្តហោះ សូមទោស!»។
ខិត្តប័ណ្ណដែលជនមិនស្គាល់មុខបានបាចនៅតាមដងផ្លូវសាធារណៈនៃទីរួមខេត្តព្រះវិហារនោះ គឺបានបញ្ជាក់ថា ជាសកម្មភាពរបស់ក្រុម "រណសិរ្សរំដោះជាតិខ្មែរ" មានមេដឹកនាំឈ្មោះ សម សេរី នៅឯប្រទេសដាណឺម៉ាក។
នៅក្នុងខ្លឹមសារនៃខិត្តប័ណ្ណនោះបានអំពាវនាវឱ្យប្រជាពលរដ្ឋខ្មែរ សិស្ស និស្សិត ព្រះសង្ឃ និងមន្ត្រីរាជការ សាមគ្គីគ្នា ក្រោកឈរនៅទូទាំងប្រទេសដើម្បីរំដោះជាតិខ្មែរចេញពីអាណានិគមវៀតណាម និងផ្លាស់ប្ដូរចេញពីរបបដែលដឹកនាំដោយគណបក្សប្រជាជនកម្ពុជា។ ខិត្តប័ណ្ណនោះ បានហៅការដឹកនាំរដ្ឋាភិបាលដោយលោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី ហ៊ុន សែន បច្ចុប្បន្ន ថាគឺជារបបផ្ដាច់ការដែលធ្វើឱ្យប្រទេសជាតិកំពុងជួបគ្រោះមហន្តរាយ និងបាត់បង់ទឹកដីទៅឱ្យបរទេស។
មន្ត្រីរដ្ឋាភិបាលបានហៅសកម្មភាពនៃការបាចខិត្តប័ណ្ណនោះថា គឺអំពើវិទ្ធង្សនាសង្គម ឯការអំពាវនាវឱ្យប្រជាពលរដ្ឋធ្វើចលនាផ្លាស់ប្ដូររបបដឹកនាំដែលផ្ទុយពីលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យតាមរយៈការបោះឆ្នោតទៀតនោះ គឺជាការក្បត់ជាតិ ក្បត់រដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញដែលប៉ះពាល់យ៉ាងខ្លាំងទៅដល់សន្តិសុខជាតិដែរ។
អ្នកនាំពាក្យទីស្ដីការគណៈរដ្ឋមន្ត្រី លោក ផៃ ស៊ីផាន បានមានប្រសាសន៍ថា រដ្ឋាភិបាលនឹងជំរុញឱ្យមានការស៊ើបអង្កេតសកម្មភាពនោះ៖ «អារឿងហ្នឹងវាមិនមែនជារឿងសាមញ្ញធម្មតាទេ ដូច្នេះការិយាល័យស៊ើបអង្កេតខាងផ្នែកយោធាហ្នឹង គេនឹងស៊ើបអង្កេតតទៅទៀត»។
The government asks 70 military generals to retire រដ្ឋាភិបាលស្នើឲ្យមន្ត្រីថ្នាក់ឧត្ដមសេនីយ៍៧០រូបចូលនិវត្តន៍
រាជរដ្ឋាភិបាលបានដាក់លិខិតថ្វាយទៅព្រះមហាក្សត្រ សុំរាជានុញ្ញាតឲ្យមន្ត្រីនគរបាលជាតិជាន់ខ្ពស់ថ្នាក់ឧត្ដមសេនីយ៍ចំនួន ៧០រូបនៃក្រសួងមហាផ្ទៃ ចូលនិវត្តន៍។ មន្ត្រីអង្គការសង្គមស៊ីវិលយល់ឃើញថា នេះជាដំណើរនៃកំណែទម្រង់ដ៏ល្អក្នុងវិស័យរដ្ឋបាលសាធារណៈ និងជាឱកាសមួយសម្រាប់យុវជនជំនាន់ក្រោយ។
ដោយ ទេព សុរ៉ាវី 2013-12-08
មន្ត្រីនគរបាលជាតិ ជាន់ខ្ពស់នៃក្រសួងមហាផ្ទៃ ដែលមានឋានន្តរសក្ដិចាប់ពីផ្កាយ១ ដល់ផ្កាយ៣ ចំនួន ៧០នាក់ ត្រូវចូលនិវត្តន៍។
លោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី ហ៊ុន សែន បានផ្ញើលិខិតមួយទៅព្រះមហាក្សត្រ ព្រះករុណាព្រះបាទសម្ដេចព្រះបរមនាថ នរោត្តម សីហមុនី កាលពីថ្ងៃទី២៧ ខែវិច្ឆិកា ដែលវិទ្យុអាស៊ីសេរី ទើបតែទទួលបាន បង្ហាញថា រាជរដ្ឋាភិបាលបានស្នើសុំឲ្យព្រះមហាក្សត្រដាក់ឲ្យមន្ត្រី ៧០រូប ចូលនិវត្តន៍ ដោយយោងតាមព្រះរាជក្រឹត្យស្ដីពីលក្ខន្តិកៈដោយឡែកនៃក្របខ័ណ្ឌមន្ត្រីនគរបាលជាតិកម្ពុជា។
លោក ហ៊ុន សែន ក៏បានរាយនាមឈ្មោះនាយនគរបាលជាតិជាន់ខ្ពស់ទាំងនោះឲ្យព្រះមហាក្សត្រទតនិងសម្រេច។ ក្នុងនោះមាននាយឧត្ដមសេនីយ៍ឯក ឬមន្ត្រីនគរបាលដែលមានឋានន្តរសក្ដិផ្កាយ៣ ចំនួន ៩រូប។ នាយឧត្ដមសេនីយ៍ទោ ឬមន្ត្រីនគរបាលដែលមានឋានន្តរសក្ដិផ្កាយ២ ចំនួន ២០រូប និងនាយឧត្ដមសេនីយ៍ត្រី ឬមន្ត្រីនគរបាលដែលមានឋានន្តរសក្ដិផ្កាយ១ ចំនួន ៤១រូប។
អ្នកនាំពាក្យទីស្ដីការគណៈរដ្ឋមន្ត្រី លោក ផៃ ស៊ីផាន មានប្រសាសន៍ថា ការដាក់ឲ្យមន្ត្រីចូលនិវត្តន៍ គឺផ្អែកទៅលើចំណុច ២សំខាន់ គឺទី១ ដោយសារតែមន្ត្រទាំងនោះដល់អាយុចូលនិវត្តន៍ ទី២ គឺដើម្បីធ្វើកំណែទម្រង់ស៊ីជម្រៅលើវិស័យរដ្ឋបាលសាធារណៈ៖ «មន្ត្រីដល់អាយុចូលនិវត្តន៍ គឺសម្ដេចអគ្គមហាសេនាបតីតេជោ ហ៊ុន សែន នៅក្នុងកំណែទម្រង់ស៊ីជម្រៅហ្នឹង គឺត្រូវតម្រូវឲ្យមន្ត្រីទាំងនោះចូលនិវត្តន៍ នេះជាគោលការណ៍ធំ។ ...ឬបង្កើនសមត្ថភាពថ្មី ឬឈាមថ្មីចូលទៅក្នុងការងារជួររាជរដ្ឋាភិបាល»។
លោក សន ជ័យ មន្ត្រីសម្របសម្រួលបណ្ដាញរួបរួមដើម្បីគណនេយ្យភាពសង្គម ប្រចាំអាស៊ីបូព៌ា និងប៉ាស៊ីហ្វិក យល់ឃើញថា ការដាក់មន្ត្រីឲ្យចូលនិវត្តន៍តាមអាយុ ដោយមិនមានការពន្យារអាយុចូលនិវត្តន៍ ជាដំណើរនៃការកំណែទម្រង់ដ៏ល្អក្នុងវិស័យរដ្ឋបាលសាធារណៈ និងជាឱកាសមួយសម្រាប់យុវជនជំនាន់ក្រោយ៖ «ជាឱកាសមួយដែរ កើតមានសម្រាប់យុវជនក្នុងការទទួលបាននូវតួនាទីនៅក្នុងរាជរដ្ឋាភិបាល ពិសេសយុវជនដែលមានសមត្ថភាពពេញលេញ មានចំណេះដឹងគ្រប់គ្រាន់ មានថាមពលសម្រាប់បម្រើដល់សេចក្ដីត្រូវការដល់ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ ខណៈដែលពួកគេនឹងត្រៀមជាអ្នកផ្ដល់សេវានោះ»។
|Portrait of Hem Chieu at Wat Dambauk Mean Leak,|
a pagoda in his native village of Dambauk Mean in
Ponhea Leu district in Kandal province
By Michelle Vachon, The Cambodia Daily
December 9, 2013
Seventy years ago this month, a Cambodian monk died in a French penal colony off the coast of Vietnam.
Had the monk lived, he might have been a major force in Cambodia’s independence movement.
As an enduring symbol of that struggle, Hem Chieu’s death in December 1943 of either dysentery or cholera on the penal colony island of Poulo Condore remains potent to this day.
The arrest of Hem Chieu on July 17, 1942, spurred the first large demonstration against French rule in Cambodia, and “was a watershed in the history of Cambodian resistance to France,” historian David Chandler said.
“To a large extent,” the demonstration “marked the passage of Cambodia into modernity,” French historian Henri Locard said.
Pach Chhoeun, who led the demonstration to free Hem Chieu, was then the editor of the pro-independence newspaper Nagara Vatta.
A French military tribunal in Saigon found both men guilty and condemned them to death. Their sentences were later commuted to life imprisonment. While Hem Chieu would never leave Poulo Condore, Pach Chhoeun would survive his incarceration and find freedom in 1945.
Born in 1898, Hem Chieu was the son of the Ponhea Leu district chief in Kandal province. Sent to Phnom Penh by his father to study with Buddhist patriarch Chuon Nath, he was ordained at 20 at Wat Langka and graduated from the School of Advanced Pali Studies in 1921.
In the 1930s, the French authorities—who were running the country under the 1863 Protectorate Treaty—had established the Buddhist Institute and were supporting the school of Pali as a means to move the clergy away from Thai influences and to inculcate a strong Indochinese religious identity.
Thailand had held many northern provinces of Cambodia for centuries, and the lingering Thai influence over its colonial possession was a natural source of irritation for France. Part of the French strategy involved sending monks to preach Buddhism to Cambodian soldiers, police officers and the public.
Hem Chieu, who had previously been involved in efforts to expand pagoda-based schools in the Kampot area, was one of the monks sent to preach.
Also at that time, a dispute was raging in the Buddhist clergy between traditionalists and modernists, Mr. Locard said.
The Cambodia Herald, Dec. 8, 2013
By William E. Todd
The Cambodian people should feel proud of the tremendous economic development their nation has experienced in recent years. Increased foreign investment, improved infrastructure, and a growing middle class are all signs that Cambodia has achieved much and that there is great potential for further economic progress. As the country’s economy continues to expand, business enterprises from across the globe will look for opportunities in Cambodia, which prompted a reader named Samphey to write, “As a factory worker, I want to know if U.S. companies look at how workers are treated before they decide to do business in Cambodia.”
I can say unequivocally that labor conditions are a critical consideration of U.S. firms looking to invest in Cambodia. As more U.S. and other international companies explore doing business in Cambodia, there will be increased scrutiny of local labor practices. This is especially true for companies that demand worker safety, decent wages, and good working conditions as a condition for investment – exactly the kind of reputable companies that Cambodia needs to attract in order to continue building its middle class. To support economic development in Cambodia, businesses and the government must work together to improve the treatment of and safeguards for Cambodian workers, who are the driving force behind Cambodia’s economic success.
During my time in Cambodia, I have had many discussions on economic issues witha broad range of stakeholders – foreign companies doing business in Cambodia, local business owners, workers, farmers, union members, and government officials. Although each of these groups has a different perspective regarding Cambodia’s economic development, everyone appreciates the need to ensure that future growth and foreign investment help the average Cambodian.
This issue was the primary focus of an excellent discussion I recently had with the new Minister of Commerce, His Excellency Sun Chanthol. We talked in depth about bolstering Cambodia’s “brand”by having the country set the standard in the region for best labor practices, not just meeting the minimum standards of its competitors. Exemplary labor practices would not only benefit workers, they would give Cambodia a competitive advantage in attracting new investment and help make it the country of choice for companies looking to open new manufacturing plants.
This is particularly true in Cambodia’s garment sector, which currently employs an estimated 500,000 mainly young women who in turn help support more than 1.5 million family members through remittances home.International garment brands are very sensitive to local labor conditions because customers are increasingly demandingthat the products they buy be made by laborers who are paid a fair wage and work in a decent environment. Many international buyers rely on the Better Factories Cambodia program, which conducts factory inspections, to ensure that the manufacturers with which they partner have ethical work standards. Factory inspections and public disclosure of the findings are a powerful tool for increasing transparency and making Cambodia a more attractive place for international brands to do business, which is why the United States is such a strong supporter of the program and welcomes news that progress is being made on an agreement to keep the Better Factories program operating in Cambodia. Many other countries, however, are now also working to develop their own factory monitoring programs – including nearby Burma, Indonesia, and Bangladesh – so buyers have stressed to me the importance of the Better Factories program continuing in Cambodia in order for the country to remain competitive in the garment sector.
BANGKOK, Dec. 9 (Xinhua) -- Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra on Monday announced the dissolution of the House of Representatives.
In a televised speech, Yingluck said the date of a general election will be decided as soon as possible.
Since the government took office in August 2011, it has been committed to addressing all sorts of crisis to promote social reconciliation, but divergence and conflicts still remain, Yingluck said.
Irrespective of government efforts, opposition parties resorted to street demonstrations rather than seeking solutions within the parliamentary system, she added.
Different political forces are still battling, each with a large number of supporters, Yingluck said, adding the country has seen too much pain.
The House is thus dissolved to return the power to the people at a critical moment, and let the people decide the way out for the nation, she said.
The dissolution is now awaiting royal approval.
Yingluck said she hoped all parties would attend the coming election and the government will remain functional as a caretaker until then.
The House dissolution is a way for the government to show responsibility for the current political situation, Democrat Party leader Abhisit Vejjajiva said in a telephone interview with local Bluesky Channel.
|AP Photo/Wason Wanichakorn|
It shows the government has no intention of clinging to power, he said, adding that the Democrat Party will continue to perform its duties as a political party after the dissolution.
Since early morning, anti-government protesters have been gathering at different sites to march to the Government House in a final attempt to topple the government.
Abhisit joined the massive rally, which was claimed by protest leader Suthep Thaugsuban to be "the final showdown with the government." All Democrat MPs resolved to resign en masse on Sunday evening to join Monday's protest.
Protest leaders said the dissolution was not enough and demanded the government resign and a "people's council" be established to find an unelected prime minister and cabinet instead of an elected one.
More people will be prompted to help explore solutions to the current predicament, and proposals by various groups will eventually head in the same direction, which is to return the power to the people and reform the country, Abhisit said.
Protesters have besieged the Government House, waiting for the main procession led by former deputy prime minister Suthep.
Thai king approves general election on Feb.2 [Cambodian king order the re-election of the Cambodian disputed poll?]
BANGKOK, Dec. 9 (Xinhua) -- The Thai king on Monday approved the dissolution of the House of Representative and the holding of the next general election slated for Feb. 2, 2014, according to the Royal Gazette. English.news.cn 2013-12-09
Caption: Thai anti-government protesters holding placards make their way to the government house during a march in Bangkok, Thailand Monday, Dec. 9, 2013. Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra announced Monday she will … moreThai anti-government protesters holding placards make their way to the government house during a march in Bangkok, Thailand Monday, Dec. 9, 2013. Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra announced Monday she will dissolve the lower house of Parliament and call elections in an attempt to calm the country's deepening political crisis. The surprise move came as 100,000 protesters vowing to overthrow her government marched through the streets of Bangkok for a "final showdown." (AP Photo/sakchai Lalit)
Caption: Anti-government protesters carrying Thai national flags including a huge one fill the street as they march in Bangkok, Thailand Monday, Dec. 9, 2013. Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra announced Monday she will … moreAnti-government protesters carrying Thai national flags including a huge one fill the street as they march in Bangkok, Thailand Monday, Dec. 9, 2013. Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra announced Monday she will dissolve the lower house of Parliament and call elections in an attempt to calm the country's deepening political crisis. The surprise move came as 100,000 protesters vowing to overthrow her government marched through the streets of Bangkok for a "final showdown." (AP Photo/Sakchai Lalit)
CLEC - EC - CCHR Media Alert - CLEC Equitable Cambodia, and CCHR to host a Discussion Platform on "Land Issues after the 2013 Parliamentary Election and Recommendations"
MEDIA ALERT – Phnom Penh, 9 December 2013
CLEC, Equitable Cambodia, and CCHR will be hosting a Discussion Platform on “Land Issues after the 2013 Parliamentary Election and Recommendations”
On 12 December 2013, Community Legal Education Center (CLEC), Equitable Cambodia (EC), and Cambodian Center for Human Rights (CCHR) will host a discussion on “Land Issues after the 2013 Parliamentary Election and Recommendations.” This platform is designed to provide an opportunity for civil society organizations, affected communities, and political parties to engage in discussions about the state of land rights in Cambodia in the aftermath of the July 2013 parliamentary election and to work on recommendations for the future.
The prevalence of land conflicts appeared to be decreasing prior to the 28 July 2013 National Assembly elections. However, only a few days after the election incidents of land grabing were widely reported by the media and by adversely affected communities, marking a worrying increase in land-related conflicts. A farmer in Oddar Meanchey province, for example,had his property and cassava crops destroyed by military personnel, allegedly to make way for a military base development. At the same time, 40 villagers in Preah Vihear were threatened with eviction by their village chief as retaliation for voting for the opposition.
The platform on “Land Issues after the 2013 Parliamentary Election and Recommendation” aims to promote a constructive discussion between adveresely affected communities and individuals, civil society organizations, independent analysts, and representatives of political parties. The platform will allow representatives from the Cambodian Peoples’ Party (CPP) and the Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP) to present and share their strategies for resolving existing land conflicts. The meeting organizers will also disseminate ideasregarding the planned land policy reform and will collect input from platform participants for inclusion in a follow-up “policy brief” with recommendations to the political parties on how to improve the land rights situation in Cambodia. During the discussion, CCHR will also launch its latest report examining land conflicts in Cambodia: “Cambodia: Land in Conflict: An Overview of the Land Situation.” The report will also be available on CCHR’s website at www.cchrcambodia.org
Date and Venue
· Date: 12 December 2013 ( )
· Venue: Intercontinental Phnom Penh Hotel, Mae TseToung Blvd
**Please note that this discussion platform will be conducted in Khmer.
For more information, please contact CCHR Land Reform Project Coordinator Vann Sophath via telephone at +855 (0) 12 941 206 or e-mail email@example.com,
Equitable Cambodia Executive Director, Eng Vuthy via telephone at +855 (0) 12 791 700 or e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org CLEC Program Manager, Huon Chunday via telephone at (0) + (0) 12 942 326 or e-mail at email@example.com
This Media Alert is attached in PDF format in both Khmer and in English.