A Change of Guard

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Tuesday, 24 May 2016

How to make the US-Vietnam relationship great again

School of Vice

Economic progress and development are a lot easier to achieve than political and civil liberty, because human beings of most countries and cultures, by and large, are naturally inclined towards building basic social security provisions for themselves and their dependants by means of accumulating economic assets and restless industry innate to most people. 

The hardest part is reforming the ancient mindset of a small group of people ['political elite'] usurping the resources of the state and the economic wealth generated by this very same restless mass labour and industry of millions in the name of 'stability' and 'development', and under the threat and spectre of terror that would be imposed on those failing to toe the approved party line. Members of this elite would even claim that they are acting in good faith [in the best interest of the nation] and have the responsibility of "parent" to answer to the needs of the people as children and dependants. These needs include [for the Vietnamese state and population] the demand for ever increased living space, territorially and economic wise.


In Hanoi, US President Barack Obama will see a city that has undergone a transformation from bicycles and cyclos to one of scooters and taxis. But he will also see a country that hasn’t transformed enough, stubbornly denying freedom of speech, as the arrests of blogger Nguyen Huu Vinh and his assistant Nguyen Thi Minh Thuy illustrate. AFP
In Hanoi, US President Barack Obama will see a city that has undergone a transformation from bicycles and cyclos to one of scooters and taxis. But he will also see a country that hasn’t transformed enough, stubbornly denying freedom of speech, as the arrests of blogger Nguyen Huu Vinh and his assistant Nguyen Thi Minh Thuy illustrate. AFP

How to make the US-Vietnam relationship great again
Mon, 23 May 2016 ppp
Curtis S. Chin and Jose B. Collazo

Billboards extolling the virtues of Vietnam’s ruling Communist Party now compete for space with international brands such as Heineken, Samsung, and Toshiba in this Southeast Asian nation of 90 million. And here in the capital of Hanoi, bicycles and cyclos have given way to high-end scooters, taxis and personal autos as the preferred mode of transportation.

It is an incredible transformation that US President Obama will see during his visit to this country prior to his journey on to Japan for the latest G7 summit.

But, as economic and geo-political interests draw the United States and Vietnam together, much unfinished business remains that must be addressed. This includes Vietnam’s failing human rights record and incomplete transition to a true market economy.

US President Barack Obama could well be a forceful, added voice for change in Vietnam. Some of the nation’s most vulnerable and persecuted lie languishing in prisons for daring to protest, to report freely or to pray as they choose. A failure by the US president to speak up on their behalf would be a tragedy and a betrayal of the values upon which the United States was founded.

The US-Vietnam relationship has steadily gathered steam since the normalisation of diplomatic relations in 1995. That has been for the better as both nations have moved to address the lingering aftermath of their long conflict, from questions over Americans killed or missing in action to the consequences of Agent Orange use.

Trade already has grown significantly between the two nations.

And, both the United States and Vietnam have joined 10 other Asia-Pacific nations in pursuing a Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade deal that if approved by all signatories would cover 40 per cent of global GDP.

A quickened pace of progress in US-Vietnam ties now comes amidst an increasingly assertive China on Vietnam’s borders and off its coasts. Vietnam understandably seeks strengthened US engagement in Asia to counter the rise of China.

Yet, China may well view the United States as a “paper tiger” in the South China Sea. The administration’s stepping back from its “red line” ultimatum in Syria has undercut perceptions of the steadfastness of US commitment. One result: Chinese fishing boats and island building now, military boats later.

In that context, Obama could well use a little Thatcheresque advice. “This was no time to go wobbly,” the Iron Lady of Great Britain was said to have said to US President George HW Bush on the necessity of standing strong in enforcing an embargo against Iraq in the lead-up to the first Gulf War.

Today, America’s president must also not “go wobbly” in pressing for continued change in Vietnam in two critical areas.

First, human rights, and religious and press freedoms must be high on the list, even as Obama considers allowing military sales to Vietnam. Former US president Ronald Reagan once famously said from a walled Berlin, before the Brandenburg Gate: “Mr Gorbachev, tear down this wall.”

Obama, once known for his rhetoric, has a chance to underscore America’s commitment to speaking up for those in Vietnam under increased or longtime threat in their own quest to be free.

This includes Thich Quang Do, leader of the Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam. The 87-year-old religious leader has been under some type of state confinement for the last three decades due to his actions seeking greater democracy and freer expression.

In March, a Hanoi court sentenced blogger Nguyen Huu Vinh to five years in prison for “abusing democratic freedoms to harm the interests of the state”. His assistant Nguyen Thi Minh Thuy received a prison sentence of three years.

And just in the last weeks, the persistent lack of civil liberties in Vietnam was on full display when protests by residents concerned about the possible links between industrial waste and large scale fish deaths near their home were suppressed.

These and others voices should not be ignored in Obama’s pursuit of a deal and a legacy.

Second, Obama must continue to press Vietnam to move forward on its journey to a more market-oriented economy – one that keeps the faith in the ability of Vietnamese businesses and business leaders to compete freely and fairly. Ranked only 90th out of 189 economies in the World Bank’s Doing Business report, Vietnam remains a story of two steps forward and one-and-one-half steps back.

Improving upon this ranking will require Vietnam to up its game and re-commit to the battle of the “little bric” – addressing the stifling bureaucracy and regulations, and clamping down on the state interventionism and corruption that hinders stronger business growth and strengthened US-Vietnam commercial ties.

While a few landmark anti-corruption cases have captured headlines – a 2013 scandal that rocked state-owned Vietnam National Shipping Lines, or Vinalines, is a case in point – corruption has endured.

Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index, which measures perceived levels of public sector corruption worldwide, ranks Vietnam 112 out of 168 In a few months, the United States will elect a new president.

That US president, whoever he or she might be, would be well-served by making clear that America’s enduring commitment to Asia includes not just defence ties but also support for human rights, religious and press freedoms, and commercial engagement. Such an effort would be the benefit of both the peoples of the United States and of Asia and the Pacific.

Curtis S Chin, a former US ambassador to the Development Bank, is managing director of advisory firm RiverPeak Group, LLC. Jose B Collazo, a Southeast Asia analyst, is an associate at RiverPeak Group.


Anonymous said...

1.The US can still counter China without arming the old enemy Vietnam.
2. If it comes to be imperative to do so, at least require this dictatorial government to obey basic human rights. The Vietnamese would do anything and everything, for show and for now to get what they want.
3. To arm this dictatorial and expansionist regime, not even the show is over, Cambodia and Laos are the collaterals damage.

Kim Ea said...

I tend to accept school of vise analuse description of this main point of view and this political event in Vietnam . The visit of President the United State of America in Vietnam of to day, have 3 distinct goals ,if i am not wrong . First to draw an enemy but new allied Youn back from square influence of new dominant force China power ball in Southeast Asia . Second cover the incompetent or mistake, by sleeping on the job for so long by his administration and let the Chinese new power in Asia, to encroach and build a solid bases on new South China sea man made islands . This Chinese claims and intimidated to most of the countries around South China sea cause a lot of degrading power of America in the world standing . This new phenomenon distract both political and prestige and collapsing of American power as well in this region . To save face, American have one last choice is to support Vietnam in fight with China by agreed to sell new modern weapons back to their vicious enemy in the history of war ,to abolished all critic from their negligence policy toward China and also earned a small economy back . This new mission can hid well to a lot of people eyes and politics, but can't shelf away this unprecedented controversial from this genuine state visit. For my opinion the feeble of this American policy in recent event in front of the new China moved, push America nation to embrace back their old faux enemy in their square politic . It is a failure policy , and tried to cover up their lazy policy of holding this corner of this world in check and balance. I am may be wrong in this assertion ,but i strongly believe it .